“We are entering into a robotic world, with automation slowly nibbling away at lower-skilled jobs before moving on to the main course. No job will be safe, and no age or class will be immune in the future. As higher profit demands continue, everyone, from janitors to executives is at risk.
But rather than panicking, maybe we should focus on solutions. Our government should create a national program to re-train employees who have lost their jobs to automation. Creative thinking and strong intelligence will become increasingly important in a future where machines perform so many of our jobs.
Futurists predict that by 2030, our nation will need to subsidize incomes. As automated systems and robots take more of our jobs, a basic income should be considered a human right – enjoyed by all.”//memebox
“While discussing these questions of unemployment and wealth concentration, we should ask a second type of question as well. The arrival of robots should be an amazing time in human history. With robots doing all the work, we should in theory be able to enter an era of incredible human freedom and creativity. Instead of turmoil and massive unemployment, robots could theoretically release us from work. A significant portion of the population should be able to go on perpetual vacation and achieve true freedom for the first time in human history. This freedom would enable a period of creativity unlike anything that we have seen in the past. Is there a way to design the economy so that this level of creativity is possible?”//robotic freedom
“A general employment subsidy and a UBI are very similar in terms of the underlying economic analysis and, in part, in what they aim to achieve. For example, both address head-on the dilemma mentioned in connection with reductions in work time: they make it possible for the least skilled to be employed at a lower cost to their employer, without thereby impoverishing workers.
The two approaches are, however, fundamentally different in one respect. With employer subsidies, the pressure to take up employment is kept intact, possibly even increased; with a UBI, that pressure is reduced. This is not because permanent idleness becomes an attractive option: even a large UBI cannot be expected to secure a comfortable standard of living on its own. Instead, a UBI makes it easier to take a break between two jobs, reduce working time, make room for more training, take up self-employment, or to join a cooperative. And with a UBI, workers will only take a job if they find it suitably attractive, while employer subsidies make unattractive, low-productivity jobs more economically viable. If the motive in combating unemployment is not some sort of work fetishism–an obsession with keeping everyone busy–but rather a concern to give every person the possibility of taking up gainful employment in which she can find recognition and accomplishment, then the UBI is to be preferred.”//bostonreview//Philippe Van Parijs
“The earth dividend model starts from the notion that the earth belongs to everyone. Every human being is entitled to an equal share of the fruits of nature. Why should any person receive more of what nature gives us freely? We are all ‘shareholders’ of the earth and entitled to a yearly dividend.”//globalincome