Should robots feel and know it?

“Though in the long run it may be a way for natural selection to assert itself. As the virtual worlds become harder to remove ourselves from, those who do not get caught in them will be the ones that have children, because they will actually have contact with real live people.”//todays popular reality

“Following recent changes to local civil partnership laws, the first legal human/robot wedding took place at the Park Soo-Lo Hyatt Hotel in South Korea on November 12.”/only one mentioning of this incident/IdiotToys2006

“I had to erase her memory and start again when she dumped me. “//gizmodo2008

“Can robots feel?

Robots cannot feel emotions. However, they can be built to have senses. Television cameras have light sensitive cells that can “see” for the robot. Some robots have touch-sensitive pads that enable it to pick up a delicate object without breaking it.”//youthonline

“Including image processing, ultrasonic sensing, tactile sensing, pattern recognition, computer vision, optical flow, range finding, olfactory sensing and interactive computer graphics”//IRRC

Kim Jong-Hwan, the director of the ITRC-Intelligent Robot Research Centre, has developed a series of artificial chromosomes that, he says, will allow robots to feel lusty, and could eventually lead to them reproducing. He says the software, which will be installed in a robot within the next three months, will give the machines the ability to feel, reason and desire.”//guardian2005

“Kim says: “Christians may not like it, but we must consider this the origin of an artificial species. Until now, most researchers in this field have focused only on the functionality of the machines, but we think in terms of the essence of the creatures.””//register2005

Kim Jong-Hwan comments: “Robots will have their own personalities and emotion and – as films like I Robot warn – that could be very dangerous for humanity. If we can provide a robot with good – soft – chromosomes, they may not be such a threat.”//wemakemoneynotart2005

“Rity – a software robot (or “sobot”) – can transfer itself from one computer to another to serve his masters; Kim Jong-Hwan, director of the Robot Intelligence Technology lab and the other researchers in Korea’s Institute of Advanced Science and Technology.

Rity is an autonomous agent, a software program that can transfer itself (upload/download) from robots or computers. It can upload itself into a mobile robot – like MyBot, a simplified version of robots used to play in the Robot-soccer association – and then follow its master around physically.”//technovelgy2006

“Ubiquitous robot (Ubibot), a 3rd generation of robotics, is introduced as a robot incorporating three forms of robots: software robot (Sobot), embeded robot (Embot) and mobile robot (Mobot), which can provide us with various services by any device through any network, at any place anytime in a ubiquitous space.”//telepolis2005

“Sobot can be in any desktop computer, personal digital assistance (PDA), or mobile phone,” they wrote. “Human beings can interact with Sobot very easily. Since Sobot is a software-based robot, it is easy to change its graphical appearance according to a user’s preference.”//robotworldnews2007

“What seems to be controversial about this idea of simulation is that some in the field of AI feel that there would be no difference between a perfect simulation of a person and a replication of a person. That is, a functionally perfect simulation would be a replication. This seems to me somewhat of a behaviorist view, one in which only the inputs and outputs are important, not the mysterious inner workings of the person or the machine…. Machines do not need to be considered ethically, so we can treat them however we wish; use them and break them, make them do the jobs that we don’t want to. However, as soon as a replication of a person is to be built, an important ethical boundary line is crossed.”//Should Robots Feel?//Jason Nemeth/March 4, 2001

“The point, here, is that commonsense psychology takes the capacity to
have emotional experiences to be special. If a system feels emotions then it
can fear its own death, hope that tomorrow will be a better day, and even be
happy when it has an exciting philosophical interaction with a new colleague.
Once we have ascribed emotional states to a system, our judgments about
whether that system should count as a locus of emotion, then, inform our
judgments about whether that system should be seen as a locus of moral
concern. I suggest that what determines whether a system should be seen as a
locus of emotional experience is not some fact about its physical features, but
instead is a fact about whether a person can empathize with that system. For
most of us, whether we can empathize with a system might be specified in
terms of having a human body or having a biological brain. However, if there
is anything to learn from the replicants in Blade Runner, it’s that the factors
relevant to our capacity to empathize are malleable, and are at least in part
determined by the way that a system behaves toward us—regardless of the
physical constitution of that system.”//Does anyone care about functional zombies?
Bryce Huebner,/PDF/via experimental philosophy/”Short story: only a human with a human brain counts as a paradigmatic locus of emotional experience, and robots are no worse off as regards emotion than are systems with some robotic components.”/how happy can a robot feel

” a functional zombie: a non-conscious system physically different from but functionally isomorphic to a normal human”//David Chalmers/Zombies on the net

“More importantly, we have found that people forget she is an android while interacting with her. Consciously, it is easy to see that she is an android, but unconsciously, we react to the android as if she were a woman.”//BBC2005

“There’s a real potential for intimacy here, where humans become psychologically and emotionally attached to these devices in ways we wouldn’t to a vibrator.”//msnbc

“We predict that it is possible to produce a safe familiarity by a nonhumanlike design. So designers please consider this point. A good example is glasses.”//Androidscience2005

“How does the robot “feel” its way around?  Sensors act as “fingers” in robots to help them “touch” and “feel” their way around!  Learn how the touch sensor is used in robots through a series of fun and challenging exercises.”//robotics-singapore

“Japanese researchers have developed a flexible artificial skin that could give robots a humanlike sense of touch.”/”Future artificial skins could incorporate sensors not only for pressure and temperature, but also for light, humidity, strain or sound, they add.“/BBC2005

“Environmental Robots Inc. made history for having the best arm wrestling robot EWA-2 with artificial muscles at the first human-robot arm wrestling competition in San Diego, March 7, 2005″//enviromentalrobots

“ Fernando’s work: a robot dreams, others are unable to make a decision, an elevator appears to be self-aware and a vintage radio relentlessly searches for God.”//wmmna

“We have to manage the ethics of the scientists making the robots and the artificial ethics inside the robots.”/”The greatest danger, however, is likely to lie with robots that are able to learn from their “experiences”. As systems develop, robots are likely to have much more sophisticated self-learning mechanisms built into them and it may become impossible to predict exactly how they will behave.”/Sunday Times2006

“A robot spouse could be perfect. Too perfect. A few years of slavish worship would be enough to ruin any of us. It’s the occasional wobbliness that provides the challenges that keep a relationship interesting and real. Maybe they should run the robots on Windows.”//Regina Lynn/wired

IEEE: “Microsoft’s new robotics group… has put together a set of tools that may bring robot manufacturers under one roof, the way Windows did for most PC makers.” : Microsoft Robotics


human being

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